Jun 28 2004

Ser vs. Estar

Published by at 12:00 am under Key Verbs and Their Conjugations

There are two ways to say “is” or “are” in Spanish. The conjugations of ser and estar are used, e.g. es and está.

In very general terms ser is used in Spanish to denote personal traits of persons or things or things which are long-standing or permanent.

ser – to be

yo soy – I am
tú eres – you are
Ud. es – you (form.) are
el/ella es – he/she/it is
nosotros somos – we are
vosotros sois – you (fam. pl.) are
Uds. son – you (form. pl.) are
ellos/ellas son – they (masc./fem.)

Estar is used for feelings, moods, locations and non-lasting situations, and completed actions.

estar – to be

yo estoy – I am
tú estás – you are
Ud. está – you (form.) are
el/ella está– he/she/it is
nosotros estamos – we are
vosotros estáis– you (fam. pl.) are
Uds. están – you (form. pl.) are
ellos/ellas están– they (masc./fem.) are

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